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Module 11A. Turbine Aeroplane Aerodynamics, Structures and Systems (Part-66)

Module 11A. Turbine Aeroplane Aerodynamics, Structures and Systems (Part-66)

Duration

764 hours training

Number of Participants

None.

Price

None.

Content

Content: Part-66 Module 11A. Turbine Aeroplane Aerodynamics, Structures and Systems

 

1. Theory of Flight

  • 1.1 Aeroplane Aerodynamics and Flight ControlsOperation and effect of:
    • roll control: ailerons and spoilers;
    • pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers andcanards;
    • yaw control, rudder limiters;
    • Control using elevons, ruddervators;
    • High lift devices, slots, slats, flaps, flaperons;
    • Drag inducing devices, spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes;
    • Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges;
    • Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edgedevices;
    • Operation and effect of trim tabs, balance and antibalance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface bias, aerodynamicbalance panels;
  • 1.2 High Speed Flight
    • Speed of sound, subsonic flight, transonic flight, supersonic flight, Machnumber, critical Mach number, compressibility buffet, shock wave,aerodynamic heating, area rule;
    • Factors affecting airflow in engine intakes of high speed aircraft;
    • Effects of sweepback on critical Mach number.

2. Airframe Structures — General Concepts

  • 2.1 Airworthiness requirements for structural strength;
    • Structural classification, primary, secondary and tertiary;
    • Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts;
    • Zonal and station identification systems;
    • Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress,fatigue;
    • Drains and ventilation provisions;
    • System installation provisions;
    • Lightning strike protection provision;
    • Aircraft bonding.
  • 2.2 Construction methods of: stressed skin fuselage,formers, stringers, longerons, bulkheads, frames,doublers, struts, ties, beams, floor structures,reinforcement, methods of skinning, anticorrosiveprotection, wing, empennage and engineattachments;
  • Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting,bonding;
  • Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting;
  • Surface cleaning;
  • Airframe symmetry: methods of alignment andsymmetry checks.

3. Airframe Structures — Aeroplanes

  • 3.1 Fuselage (ATA 52/53/56) 
    • Construction and pressurisation sealing;
    • Wing, stabiliser, pylon and undercarriageattachments;
    • Seat installation and cargo loading system;
    • Doors and emergency exits: construction, mechanisms, operation andsafety devices;
    • Windows and windscreen construction and mechanisms.
  • 3.2 Wings (ATA 57)
    • Construction;
    • Fuel storage;
    • Landing gear, pylon, control surface and high lift/drag attachments.
  • 3.3 Stabilisers (ATA 55)
    • Construction;
    • Control surface attachment.
  • 3.4 Flight Control Surfaces (ATA 55/57)
    • Construction and attachment;
    • Balancing — mass and aerodynamic.
  • 3.5 Nacelles/Pylons (ATA 54)
    • Construction;
    • Firewalls;
    • Engine mounts.

4. Air Conditioning and Cabin Pressurisation (ATA 21)

  • 4.1 Air supply
    • Sources of air supply including engine bleed, APU and ground cart;
  • 4.2 Air Conditioning
    • Air conditioning systems;
    • Air cycle and vapour cycle machines;
    • Distribution systems;
    • Flow, temperature and humidity control system.
  • 4.3 Pressurisation
    • Pressurisation systems;
    • Control and indication including control and safety valves;
    • Cabin pressure controllers;
    • Safety and warning devices;
    • Protection and warning devices.

5. Instruments/Avionic Systems

  • 5.1 Instrument Systems (ATA 31)
    • Pitot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator;
    • Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn and slip indicator, turn coordinator;
    • Compasses: direct reading, remote reading;
    • Angle of attack indication, stall warning systems;
    • Other aircraft system indication.
  • 5.2 Avionic Systems
    • Fundamentals of system lay-outs and operation of:Auto Flight (ATA 22);
    • Communications (ATA 23);
    • Navigation Systems (ATA 34).

6. Electrical Power (ATA 24)

  • Batteries Installation and Operation;
  • DC power generation;
  • AC power generation;
  • Emergency power generation;
  • Voltage regulation;
  • Power distribution;
  • Inverters, transformers, rectifiers;
  • Circuit protection;External/Ground power.

7. Equipment and Furnishings (ATA 25)

  • 7.1 Emergency equipment requirements;
    • Seats, harnesses and belts.
  • 7.2 Cabin lay-out;Equipment lay-out;
    • Cabin Furnishing Installation;
    • Cabin entertainment equipment;
    • Galley installation;
    • Cargo handling and retention equipment;
    • Airstairs.

8. Fire Protection (ATA 26)

  • 8.1 Fire and smoke detection and warning systems;
    • Fire extinguishing systems;System tests.
  • 8.2 Portable fire extinguisher

9. Flight Controls (ATA 27)

  • Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder, spoiler;
  • Trim control;
  • Active load control;
  • High lift devices;
  • Lift dump, speed brakes;
  • System operation: manual, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, fly-by-wire;Artificial feel, Yaw damper, Mach trim, rudder limiter, gust locks systems;
  • Balancing and rigging;
  • Stall protection/warning system.

10. Fuel Systems (ATA 28)

  • System lay-out;
  • Fuel tanks;
  • Supply systems;
  • Dumping, venting and draining;
  • Cross-feed and transfer;
  • Indications and warnings;
  • Refuelling and defuelling;
  • Longitudinal balance fuel systems.

11. Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)

  • System lay-out;
  • Hydraulic fluids;
  • Hydraulic reservoirs and accumulators;
  • Pressure generation: electric, mechanical, pneumatic;
  • Emergency pressure generation;
  • Pressure Control;
  • Power distribution;
  • Indication and warning systems;
  • Interface with other systems.

12. Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30)

  • Ice formation, classification and detection;
  • Anti-icing systems: electrical, hot air and chemical;
  • De-icing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic and chemical;
  • Rain repellant;
  • Probe and drain heating.
  • Wiper systems.

13. Landing Gear (ATA 32)

  • Construction, shock absorbing;
  • Extension and retraction systems: normal and emergency;
  • Indications and warning;
  • Wheels, brakes, antiskid and autobraking;
  • Tyres;
  • Steering.

14. Lights (ATA 33)

  • External: navigation, anti-collision, landing, taxiing, ice;Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
  • Emergency.

15. Oxygen (ATA 35)

  • System lay-out: cockpit, cabin;
  • Sources, storage, charging and distribution;
  • Supply regulation;
  • Indications and warnings;

16. Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)

  • System lay-out;
  • Sources: engine/APU, compressors, reservoirs, ground supply;
  • Pressure control;
  • Distribution;
  • Indications and warnings;
  • Interfaces with other systems.

17. Water/Waste (ATA 38)

  • Water system lay-out, supply, distribution, servicing and draining;
  • Toilet system lay-out, flushing and servicing;
  • Corrosion aspects.

18. On Board Maintenance Systems (ATA 45)

  • Central maintenance computers;
  • Data loading system;
  • Electronic library system;
  • Printing;
  • Structure monitoring (damage tolerance monitoring).

Objectives

None.

Target Group

None.

Aircraft Engine

None.

Prerequisites

None.

Examination

None.

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